IRC is the oldest internet chat system, and as such, it has more time than any other to develop its internal culture and nuances of etiquette. This may be intimidating to new users, so we've set up this guide to help you avoid making a potential faux pas.
Note that the official SourceHut IRC channels have a culture of tolerance for users who may not be familiar with IRC's norms. Users on our channels are encouraged to be patient with new IRC users, so don't worry too much about making mistakes. We will correct your errors, so that you won't make them elsewhere, but we will be friendly about it.
IRC is organized into networks, which are themselves made of servers and have a discrete universe of users and channels. Libera Chat is a popular IRC network. When you connect to a network, you can "join" channels to participate in them with other users by using the "/join #channel" command. You can also speak directly to other users with "/msg user hi user, ...", but note that it is considered impolite to message a stranger directly without getting their permission first.
IRC is a plain-text system. There is little to no inline styles, message quoting
or threading, inline multimedia, or long messages. And we like it this way! Try
to embrace these constraints as you participate on IRC: little workarounds like
[inline markdown](https://example.org) are considered poor taste.
IRC can be a social place, but more often it is a tool being used to get something done. Most IRC channels are on-topic, which means that they are based around a specific topic and discourage discussion on other topics. You can find the topic for a channel with the "/topic" command, which will also often include things like channel rules and other resources like documentation and mailing lists. Read the topic!
Many people go to IRC to get a question or questions answered, but a lot of users go about this in an unproductive way. Here are some tips to get your question answered.
Once you ask your question, be prepared to wait. Not everyone is paying attention right away, or another discussion might be underway, or the right person to answer your question is offline at the moment. You might end up waiting anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours in some cases. If you end up waiting longer than you wanted to, it might be wise to move to another medium (such as an email to the appropriate mailing list). Don't repeat your question over and over again: be patient. If it's been a while and the discussion has moved on, you may politely re-state your question, but do this too much and you will start annoying others.
While you're waiting, do your research. Keep working on the problem yourself, keep digging through search engines and documentation and come back to report progress as you discover more information. You should do your research prior to asking as well: if you have a question which could easily be answered by a quick reading of the documentation, you will be wasting everyone's time by asking it. Also, if you find the solution to your problem in the course of your own research, make sure to let the channel know the answer, too, so they can stop looking into it themselves.
Finally, remember the human. Be polite and respectful to others, especially to others from whom you expect help or advice. No one owes you anything, and demanding it from them, no matter how badly you want it, is going to get you banned from the chat. Remember to thank anyone who offers you their kindness and help, and respect the instructions of the moderators (you can tell who they are because they will typically have an "@" symbol next to their name). Presume good faith, and don't mistake brevity for discourtesy: on IRC, brevity is a courtesy.
You can get a specific person's attention by "highlighting" them (also known as "mentioning" or "pinging" the person): simply use their name, and their client will notify them. It is not necessary (or encouraged) to use an @ symbol. Note that many clients will "tab complete" usernames if you start typing them and press "tab".
It is encouraged to include enough details in the highlight for the user to understand it out of context, if they see the notification later.
<sircmpwn> minus: can you reboot the production server?
<sircmpwn> the production server needs to be rebooted <sircmpwn> ping minus
Please do not highlight someone unless you need their attention in particular: there are often many other people on the channel who can help you with a problem, and the operators or project leaders are probably overwhelmed.
It is not usually necessary to quote someone to reply to them: simply state your message and the natural flow of the conversation will generally make it obvious that you're replying to someone. This is often true even if there are several ongoing conversations at once. Often you can reply to someone without quoting by highlighting them.
However, if the conversation has moved on, or you feel that it's necessary to disambiguate your comment, you can quote someone by writing their comment as "> quoted text", then, on a new line, adding your message.
<minus> it's pretty rainy out today [...5 minutes of unrelated conversation...] <sircmpwn> >it's pretty rainy out today <sircmpwn> minus: it's pretty sunny here in Amsterdam
As a rule of thumb, do not post more than 3 lines of text at once into the chat. Doing so is strongly frowned upon and is likely to get you banned from the channel. If you have a lot of text to share, drop it on paste.sr.ht and share the link instead.
Here's a few miscellaneous tips:
Various other helpful resources on IRC culture: