Though poole is made for simple websites you can add a thin layer of smartness to a site using macros.


Note: If you end up using macros a lot and everywhere, you should have a look at more powerful site generator's like Jekyll or Hyde which realize the idea of processing logic much better and with a more clear distinction between logic, content and layout.

#Macros as Variables

You can use macros to avoid writing some repetitive content again and again. Consider the following as the content of a page, let's say some-page.md, in your project's input folder:


# book_title: Fool
# book_author: Moore


My current favorite book is {{ book_title }} by {{ book_author }}.
That is why I love *{{book_title}}*.

At the beginning it defines 2 macros which are used later using {{ macro-name }}. Macros defined within a page are only valid in the scope of that page. If you want to reference your currently favored book on other pages, you should define it as a global macro.

To define global macros, create a file macros.py in the same folder where page.html is located and set your macros there:


book_title = Fool
book_author = Moore

Now you can reference these macro in every page.

What about a today macro, specifying the site build day:


import datetime
today = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d")

#Overriding Global Macros in Pages

A good use case for a global macro defined in macors.py is to set a description or some keywords for your site which can then be referenced in the page.html file, e.g.:


# ...
description = "a site about boo"
keywords = "foo, bar"
# ...


<!-- ... -->
<meta name="description" content="{{ description }}">
<meta name="keywords" content="{{ keywords }}">
<!-- ... -->

For individual pages you can override these settings, for instance:


# keywords: foo, baz

Page macro definitions override global macro definitions in macros.py!

#Dynamically Generated Content

In macros.py you can define functions which then can be referenced as macros. Here's a simple and useless example:


def asum(pages, page, a="0", b="1"):
    return int(a) + int(b)


The sum of 1 and 5 is {{ asum a=1 b=5 }}.

This will be replaced by, suprise, 6.

Macro function in must have at least 2 parameters:

  1. pages: a list of all pages in the site processed by poole
  2. page: the current page where this macro is used

Additional parameters must be declared as keword arguments.

The objects in pages as well as page itself are Page objects which have the following public fields:

  • name: name of the page (either the file name without extension or the value of the name macro, if defined within the page's source file
  • macros: a dictionary of all macros defined for the page (including global macros defined in macro.py)
  • url: URL to link to that page

Here is a more complex example, the built-in menu macro used in the default page.html/ file to display a navigation menu:

def menu(pages, page, tag="span", current="current"):
    """Compile an HTML list of pages to appear as a navigation menu.

    Any page which has a macro {{{menu_pos}}} defined is included. Menu
    positions are sorted by the integer values of {{{menu_pos}}} (smallest

    The current page's //tag// element is assigned the CSS class //current//.

    menu_pages = [p for p in self.pages if "menu_pos" in p.macros]
    menu_pages.sort(key=lambda p: int(p.macros["menu_pos"]))

    html = ''
    for p in menu_pages:
        style = p == self.__page and (' class="%s"' % current) or ''
        html += '<%s%s><a href="%s">%s</a></%s>' % (tag, style, p.url, p.name, tag)
    return html

You can write your own menu macro in macros.py, if you don't like the built-in one.


Macros are not nestable.

About this wiki

commit 6cd384a0a597da8edb4437b574e777aaebd05206
Author: Oben Sonne <obensonne@gmail.com>
Date:   2019-11-10T00:14:07+00:00

remove empty page
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